Prof. Dr Richard Sakwa, Phd

E – mail:

Room N4.W2
Rutherford College
University of Kent
Kent CT2 7NZ
United Kongdom


Richard Sakwa is Professor of Russian and European politics at the University of Kent. He has written books about Russian, Central and Eastern European communist and post-communist politics.

Professor Sakwa joined the University of Kent in 1987, was promoted to a professorship in 1996 and was Head of University’s Politics and International Relations department between 2001 and 2007, and in 2010 he once again took over as Head until 2014. While completing his doctorate on Moscow politics during the Civil War (1918-21) he spent a year on a British Council scholarship at Moscow State University (1979-80), and then worked for two years in Moscow in the ‘Mir’ Science and Technology Publishing House. Before moving to Kent he lectured at the University of Essex and the University of California, Santa Cruz. Prof. Sakwa is an Associate Fellow of the Russia and Eurasia Programme at  Chatham House, a Senior Research Fellow at the National Research University-Higher School of Economics in Moscow, Honorary Professor, Faculty of Political Science, Moscow State University, and since September 2002 a member of Academy of Learned Societies for the Social Sciences.


Research Fields:

  • Political developments in Russia
  • International politics and the Second Cold War
  • Nature of postcommunist political order and prospects for socialism
  • Global challenges facing the former communist countries
  • Problems of European and global order



Richard Sakwa is the author of 123 total publications (available in the Kent Academic Repository).


Main works:


Sakwa, R. (2021) “The Pandemic, Russia and the West”, Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University: International Relations. St. Petersburg University Press, pp. 3-19. doi: 10.21638/spbu06.2021.101.

Sakwa, R. (2021) “Heterarchy: Russian politics between chaos and control”, Post-Soviet Affairs. Taylor & Francis. doi: 10.1080/1060586X.2020.1871269.

Sakwa, R. (2020) “The new era of confrontation: Russia and the World: 2020 IMEMO Forecast”, New Perspectives. Sage. doi: 10.1177/2336825X20954442.

Sakwa, R. (2020) “Is Putin an Ism?”, Russian Politics. Brill, pp. 255-282. doi: 10.30965/24518921-00503001.

Sakwa, R. (2020) “1989 as a mimetic revolution: Russia and the challenge of post-communism”, Social Science Information. Sage. doi: 10.1177/0539018420938932.

Sakwa, R. (2020) “Greater Russia: Is Moscow out to Subvert the West?”, International Politics. Springer. doi: 10.1057/s41311-020-00258-0.

Sakwa, R. (2019) “BRICS and Sovereign Internationalism”, Strategic Analysis. Taylor & Francis, pp. 456-468. doi: 10.1080/09700161.2019.1669899.

Sakwa, R. (2019) “Russian Neo-Revisionism”, Russian Politics. Brill, pp. 1-21. doi: 10.1163/2451-8921-00401001.

Sakwa, R. (2018) “One Europe or None? Monism, Involution and Relations with Russia”, Europe-Asia Studies. Taylor & Francis, pp. 1656-1667. doi: 10.1080/09668136.2018.1543762?.

Sakwa, R. (2018) “The End of the Revolution: Mimetic Theory, Axiological Violence, and the Possibility of Dialogical Transcendence”, Telos. Telos Publishing Press, pp. 35-66. doi: 10.3817/1218185035.


Book section:

Sakwa, R. (2020) “No exit: Logic and rationality in the Ukraine crisis”, in Schulze, P. W. and Veit, W. (eds.) Ukraine in the crosshairs of geopolitical power play. Campus, pp. 101-128. Available at:

Sakwa, R. (2020) “The Pandemic and International Politics”, in The World after COVID-19: Cooperation or Competition?. SAM Publications, pp. 122-128. Available at:

Sakwa, R. (2020) “Back to Cold War and Beyond”, in Laczó, F. and Lisjak Gabrijelčič, L. (eds.) The Legacy of Division: East and West After 1989. Budapest and New York: Central European University Press, pp. 20-29. Available at: https://ceupress.combook/legacy-division.

Sakwa, R. (2020) “The Clash of World Orders”, in Jović-Lazić, A. and Troude, A. (eds.) Security Challenges and the Place of the Balkans and Serbia in a Changing World. Belgrade: University of Belgrade, pp. 17-30. doi: 10.18485/iipe_balkans_rssc.2020.

Sakwa, R. (2019) “Stasis and Change: Russia and the Emergence of an Anti-Hegemonic World Order”, in Dal, E. P. and Ersen, E. (eds.) Russia in the Changing International System. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 17-38. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-21832-4_2.

Sakwa, R. (2012) “Leadership, Governance and Statecraft in Russia”, in Helms, L. (ed.) Poor Leadership and Bad Governance: Reassessing Presidents and Prime Ministers in North America, Europe and Japan. Edward Elgar, pp. 149-172.

Sakwa, R. (2011) “Putin’s Leadership: Character and Consequences”, in Sakwa, R. (ed.) Power and Policy in Putin’s Russia. London: Routledge.

Sakwa, R. (2010) “Putin’s Leadership”, in Wegren, S. and Herspring, D. (eds.) After Putin’s Russia. Boulder, CO: Rowman & Littlefield, pp. 17-38.

Sakwa, R. (2009) “Subjects or Citizens: Obstacles to the Exercise of Constitutional Sovereignty Rights in Contemporary Russia”, in Tadayuki, H. and Atsushi, O. (eds.) Post-Communist Transformations: The Countries fo Central and Eastern Europe and Russia in Comparative Persepctive. Hokkaido: University of Hokkaido, Slavic Research Centre, pp. 27-46.

Sakwa, R. (2009) “Liberalism and Neo-Patrimonialism in Post-Communist Russia”, in Simons, W. (ed.) Private and Civil Law in the Russian Federation: Essays in Honor of F.J.M. Feldbrugge. Leiden & Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, pp. 327-346.



Sakwa, R. (2021) Deception: Russiagate and the new cold war. Lexington Books. Available at:

Sakwa, R. (2020) The Putin Paradox. United Kingdom: I.B. Tauris.

Sakwa, R. (2017) Russia against the Rest: The Post-Cold War Crisis of World Order. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Available at:

Sakwa, R. (2016) Frontline Ukraine: Crisis in the Borderlands. London and New York: I. B. Tauris. Available at:

Sakwa, R. (2014) Frontline Ukraine: Crisis in the Borderlands. London, UK: I.B.Tauris. Available at:

Sakwa, R. (2014) Putin Redux: Power and Contradiction in Contemporary Russia. Routledge.

Sakwa, R. (2014) Putin and the Oligarch: The Khodorkovsky – Yukos Affair. I. B. Tauris.

Sakwa, R. (2010) The Crisis of Russian Democracy: The Dual State, Factionalism and the Medvedev Succession. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at:

Sakwa, R. (2009) The Quality of Freedom: Putin, Khodorkovsky and the Yukos Affair. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sakwa, R. (2008) Russian Politics and Society 4th revised edition. London & New York: Routledge.